General Information on Lymphocytopenia
Lymphocytopenia is a condition in which there are an abnormally low number of lymphocytes in the blood. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells accounting for about twenty to forty percent of the white blood cells. These white blood cells work with the immune system to help protect the body from viral and fungi infections, fight cancer, and to eliminate the effects of foreign substances that find their way into the blood. In lymphocytopenia there is either an abnormality in the production of the lymphocytes, the lymphocytes are destroyed by the body, or they become lost causing the low count of the lymphocytes. There are many different causes of lymphocytopenia. Some of these causes include trauma, high stress levels, leukemia, rupture of the thoracic duct, right ventricle heart failure, infections, diseases, or malnutrition.
Symptoms of Lymphocytopenia
Due to the fact that the lymphocytes do not make up for all of the white blood cells and only part of them, there may be no symptoms of lymphocytopenia at all. Another possibility is that the only symptoms present are from the cause of the lymphocytopenia. In the instances when there are symptoms of lymphocytopenia, some of them may be:
Treatments For Lymphocytopenia
The treatment for lymphocytopenia is to treat the underlying cause. Should the cause of the lymphocytopenia be due to medications, as soon as the person ceases to take the medication a normal lymphocyte count should return within a few days. Should the cause of the lymphocytopenia be due to a disease such as HIV, there are medications that can boost the number of other types of lymphocytes to compensate for the difference. In severe cases, like in those with hereditary immunodeficiency, a bone marrow transplant may be recommended.
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